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Ch 25

A reluctant isolationist, President Roosevelt believed during the 1930s that

a. the United States should stay out of Europe’s internal affairs.
b. the United States should cease trading with Latin America.
c. international amity was the key to ending the Depression.
d. free trade was necessary for America’s domestic prosperity.

d. free trade was necessary for America’s domestic prosperity.

Why did the United States fail to act on reports of Hitler’s genocidal atrocities?

a. American military officials believed it was Stalin’s job to address the issue.
b. The American public and its officials believed the reports were exaggerated.
c. Stalin threatened to withdraw from the fight against Germany if the United States addressed the issue.
d. The United States did not believe it was fighting the war to protect human rights.

b. The American public and its officials believed the reports were exaggerated.

In February 1945, the Big Three met at Yalta to discuss

a. postwar self-determination for the people of Eastern Europe.
b. Allied support for Mao Zedong as the leader of China.
c. strengthening the League of Nations.
d. plans to prosecute Adolf Hitler for international war crimes

a. postwar self-determination for the people of Eastern Europe

The United States dropped a second atomic bomb on the city of Nagasaki only three days after the attack on Hiroshima

a. because it wanted to kill as many Japanese civilians as possible.
b. because the first bomb did not lead to a Japanese surrender to the United States.
c. to demonstrate America’s power to Chinese Communists and stop their aggression.
d. because Nagasaki was the center of Japan’s wartime military and government operations.

b. because the first bomb did not lead to a Japanese surrender to the United States.

What was the objective of the Neutrality Act of 1937?

a. To end the Great Depression in the United States and Europe
b. To prevent increasing American involvement in European affairs
c. To encourage the aggression of German and Japanese militarists in Europe and the Pacific
d. To stop German and Japanese aggression in Europe and the Pacific

b. To prevent increasing American involvement in European affairs

What was the purpose of the Lend-Lease Act of 1941?

a. To lend France enough money to defeat the Germans
b. To make arms, munitions, and other supplies available to Britain
c. To lend large sums of money to Latin American countries
d. To give arms, munitions, and supplies to Canada

b. To make arms, munitions, and other supplies available to Britain

How did President Roosevelt justify the proposed Lend-Lease Act in January 1941?

a. He appealed to Americans’ fiscal conservatism and pro-business ethos.
b. He appealed to Americans’ long-held belief that the nation should avoid alliances with European powers.
c. He cited the need to defend democracy and human rights around the world.
d. He chastised Americans for the isolationism in the 1920s and 1930s and illustrated its consequences.

c. He cited the need to defend democracy and human rights around the world.

Which of the following statements describes the relationship between American ethnic minorities and the armed forces during World War II?

a. They were largely uninterested in serving in the armed forces.
b. The government discouraged them from serving in the armed forces.
c. They fought in large numbers in the armed forces despite discriminatory treatment.
d. They were barred from serving in the armed forces during the first two years of the war.

c. They fought in large numbers in the armed forces despite discriminatory treatment

How did American labor unions respond to the production demands of World War II?

a. They agreed to disband temporarily in order to focus on production.
b. They demanded increases in overtime pay for the duration of the war.
c. They volunteered to enlist one-half of their workers in the armed forces.
d. They granted the government’s request that they pledge not to strike.

d. They granted the government’s request that they pledge not to strike.

The Battle of Midway signaled to the American military that

a. the Japanese force in the Pacific was almost unbeatable.
b. the current Japanese strategy was working.
c. the war in the Pacific was ending.
d. Japanese domination of the Pacific was weakening.

d. Japanese domination of the Pacific was weakening.

At their meeting in Casablanca in January 1943, Allied leaders Roosevelt and Churchill

a. announced that Germany, when it lost the war, would again be forced to pay reparations.
b. vowed that they would soon open a second front in Russia.
c. announced that they would accept nothing less than the unconditional surrender of Germany and Italy.
d. decided not to launch a significant attack anywhere in the Mediterranean region.

c. announced that they would accept nothing less than the unconditional surrender of Germany and Italy.

Why did Roosevelt choose Senator Harry S. Truman as his running mate for the election of 1944?

a. Truman was viewed as a civil rights activist.
b. Roosevelt believed that many Americans had soured on liberal reform.
c. Truman came from New York and would appeal to urban Democrats.
d. Roosevelt believed Truman would appeal to progressive labor leaders.

b. Roosevelt believed that many Americans had soured on liberal reform.

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